Sentence Patterns

Sentence Patterns

The Basic Types of Grammatical Sentences or Sentence Patters

Grammatical sentences fall into three patterns: the simple, the compound, and the complex.

The Simple Sentence

A simple sentence is composed essentially of a subject and a verb.  I may also include: complement, but not necessarily.


The Compound Sentence

A compound sentence consists of two or more simple sentences called main clauses.

Compound sentences often have three independent clauses or even four or five. In theory there is no limit. In practice, however, most compound sentences contain only two clauses.


The Complex Sentence

A sentence with a main clause and one or more subordinate clauses is called a complex sentence.  The subordinate clause has a subject and a verb, but does not make sense without the main clause. The subordinate clause depends on the main clause for exact meaning.

This type of sentence is very important in composition.


We have prepared a complete description of each of the sentence patterns in other posts. Please follow the links to get more information:


Types of Basic Grammatical Sentences:

Simple Sentence

Compound Sentence

Complex Sentence

March 26, 2015